Walter Gropius was a German architect and founder of Bauhaus, which means “House of Building” or “Building School.” Bauhaus is the common term for the Staatliches Bauhaus, a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for its approach to design. The Bauhaus Style became one of the dominant influences of Modern architecture, which eliminates ornament and emphasizes steel, glass and concrete material to create a sleek look.
Along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier, Gropius is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture. His career advanced in the post-World War I period when the master of the Grand-Ducal Saxon School of Arts and Crafts in Weimar, Germany, recommended Gropius to succeed him. This eventually led to Gropius' appointment as master of the school in 1919. It was this academy that Gropius transformed into the world famous Bauhaus.
Gropius later taught at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. As a Harvard professor, he introduced Bauhaus concepts and design principles — teamwork, standardization and prefabrication — to a generation of American architects.
Gropius founded The Architects' Collaborative (TAC) an American architectural firm located in Cambridge, Mass, with a group of young architects in 1945. TAC would become one of the most well-known and respected architectural firms in the world.