Located in West Virginia’s Eastern Panhandle, Martinsburg is known as the "Gateway to the Shenandoah Valley."
During the Civil War, the strategically-located Martinsburg changed hands between Confederate and Union forces a reported 37 times. Today, proximity to Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Md., boosts its economic vitality, yet lets Martinsburg retain its small town serenity.
Burned during the Civil War, the B&O Railroad Roundhouse was later rebuilt and restored to its innovative architectural glory. Martinsburg was home to Confederate spy Belle Boyd, whose restored mansion is now included on the Berkeley County Historical Society Walking Tour and the Civil War Heritage Tour.
- September is time for Pickin’ in the Panhandle, the WV State BBQ & Bluegrass Festival. This two-day event celebrates the best of barbecue, bluegrass and family fun. Heritage artists demonstrate their crafts while BBQ chefs and musicians contest with their respective peers for top prizes.
- All aboard for Roundhouse Rail Days. This October event celebrates railroad heritage with model trains, live bands, crafts, Civil War re-enactors and activities for children. The summer weekend rumbles when the fun gets rolling on Bike Night. An estimated 2,000 motorcycles converge on Martinsburg to parade through downtown and enjoy food and live music.
Major employers in the Martinsburg area include Veterans Administration Center, West Virginia Air National Guard, U.S. Coast Guard's Operations System Center and National Maritime Center, City Hospital and Quad/Graphics. The city is also home to one of the two Enterprise Computing Centers of the Internal Revenue Service, where most of the country's electronically filed tax documents from businesses, and about one-third of electronically-filed tax returns, are processed.